A chattel mortgage is a type of loan used by businesses to purchase new and used vehicles or other business-related equipment. In many ways, the chattel mortgage is simply an improved version of what was known for years as commercial hire purchase (CHP).
A chattel mortgage is essentially a mortgage over goods to be financed. Vehicles and equipment financed through a chattel mortgage are classed as a cash sale in that the goods automatically become yours on purchase and the finance company takes a mortgage over those chattels.
For tax purposes, you can claim the asset’s depreciation and the interest paid on your loan as an expense to offset your business income. A chattel mortgage also allows businesses to immediately claim the full input tax credit on the GST applicable to those assets on their next Business Activity Statement (BAS).
The chattel mortgage is a very flexible finance option. It gives you the ability to either finance the purchase price in full (often including GST) or include an upfront deposit or trade-in to reduce your monthly instalments.
A residual payment (known as a
for chattel mortgages) may also be placed at the end of the term to represent the equipment’s end value. This can reduce the monthly repayments, which benefits cash flow.
Alternatively, you may choose to structure your chattel mortgage by completely paying down the debt in full over the term of your agreement (a fully amortized loan).
A chattel mortgage can be used to purchase items such as machinery and vehicles, which are large assets with a service life of several years or more.
The chattel mortgage has gained substantial popularity with small to medium businesses since the implementation of the GST and accelerated depreciation, as it typically offers more tax-deductibility than finance leases (where only the monthly finance payment is deductible).
Businesses registered for GST can claim the entire upfront GST cost of the asset as an imputation taxation credit (ITC) in their next BAS submission, provided the asset is for business use.
is also ideal for smaller businesses under the simplified tax system (STS) with less than $10m in turnover. These businesses can pool mortgaged assets and claim the one depreciation rate of 15% in the first year, and 30% diminishing value after that, no matter what type of asset is being financed.
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